Cardiovascular disease

Dietary guidelines for high blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes

Change your lifestyle, one step at a time!

Wanting to do too much, too quickly is a recipe for failure. Go slowly, respect your own rhythm and be positive, patient and perseverant. You’ll see, after 6 to 8 weeks, your new habits will become the norm! At the end of the process, you will enjoy life more and eating will be a source of enjoyment, not stress!

Dietary guidelines to reduce high blood pressure

Reducing your consumption of salt is the most important change you can make to your diet if you have high blood pressure. When you eat a lot of salt, it goes into your blood and has a tendency to provoke a loss of water from cells and tissues, which increases the volume of blood, and therefore increases blood pressure.

  • Limit your consumption of salt to 2,400 mg per day jour (or about 600 to 800 mg per meal).
  • As often as possible, choose foods with less than 150 mg of sodium per portion, or 5% or less of the Daily Value of sodium.
  • Look for phrases such as “no sodium,” “low sodium,” unsalted,” “no added salt” on package labels.
  • Prepare home-cooked meals as much as possible.
  • Choose fresh or frozen foods, since canned foods often contain a lot of sodium.
  • Reduce you consumption of certain sauces such as soya (even light), tamari, teriyaki, chilli and Worcestershire® as well as prepared marinades and salad dressings.
  • Do not use salt at the table or when preparing food. Choose herbs and spices, pepper and garlic to enhance the flavour of dishes.  

Dietary guidelines to reduce cholesterol

  • Limit your fat intake to less than 75 g per day (or about 25 g per meal). This includes fat in the form of added butter or oil.
  • Choose as much as possible foods that contain less than de 3 g of fat per portion, or 5% or less the Daily Value of fat.
  • Look for phrases such as “fat free,” “no trans fat,” “no saturated fat,” or “low fat” on package labels.
  • Occasionally, replace meat with legumes (chick peas, lentils etc.) and soya in one of its various forms (drinks, tofu, nuts, etc.).
  • Plan to eat at least 2 portions of fish each week.
  • Enjoy lean or extra-lean meats and low-fat cold cuts more often.
  • Choose good fats (e.g., avocadoes, eggs) and reduce your intake of bad fats.
  • Limit meat consumption to 75 g per portion.
  • Choose non-hydrogenated vegetable oils (canola, olive and soya), low-fat mayonnaise and non-hydrogenated soft margarine. You can include 1 to 3 portions of 5 ml in each meal.
  • Look for foods with less than 2 g of saturated fat, without trans fat, per portion, or 5 % or less of the Daily Value of saturated and trans fat combined.

Dietary guidelines for type 1 and type 2 diabetes 

  • Respect the prescribed amount of carbohydrates per meal.
  • From 45 to 60 g of carbohydrates per meal.
  • From 60 to 75 g of carbohydrates per meal.
  • Look for phrases such as “low in sugar,” “no added sugar,” “unsweetened” on package labels.
  • Increase your daily consumption of fibre.
  • Aim for a Daily Value of at least 25 g of fibre by eating high-fibre foods at every meal.
  • As often as possible, choose products with at least 3 g of fibres per portion, or 10% or more of the Daily Value of fibre.
  • Look for phrases such as “source of fibre,” “high source of fibre,” or “very high source of fibre on package labels. 

To download the PDF brochure, click here. 

This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice and Accès pharma affiliated pharmacist-owners cannot be held responsible for this information. The information was true and accurate at the time of publication, but it is subject to change.

Frequently asked questions

You got more questions?

  • Blood pressure is one of the many indicators of good body function. Ask your pharmacist or a member of the team for your smart card, which will enable more diligent monitoring of your blood pressure variations.

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  • Unless otherwise noted, our branches are open from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. on weekdays, and from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Saturdays and Sundays.

  • According to the Ordre des pharmaciens du Québec:

    "The pharmacist has a duty of confidentiality regarding all information recorded in your pharmaceutical record. Thus, they cannot discuss this information with a third party without your prior authorization or unless the law allows it.

    However, if you present at the pharmacy with a prescription from a prescriber, the pharmacist may, concerning that prescription, discuss with the prescriber if necessary to ensure the appropriate use of your medication therapy. Nevertheless, it is suggested that your pharmacist obtain your consent to do so."

  • Here are some tips:

    • Choose quality carbohydrates
    • Monitor portion sizes
    • Include lean proteins
    • Choose healthy fats
    • Favor dietary fibers
    • Distribute meals throughout the day
    • Monitor your dietary reactions
    • Avoid drastic diets
    • Collaborate with a healthcare professional

    For more information, come see us!

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