You think your child has head lice? Don’t panic!
Head lice are tiny insects that live on the scalp where they lay their eggs. They do not carry disease and they are not a sign that your child’s hair is dirty. Head lice spread very easily by close hair-to-hair contact and sharing things such as hats, baseball caps, hair barrettes, clips, ponytail holders and elastics, hairbrushes, combs and headphones. They cannot fly, but they do crawl very quickly.
If your child is scratching their head, it could very well be the first signs of an infestation, but itchiness is not always present. If you think your child has head lice, check their scalp immediately. Look for lice and for nits (the tiny eggs stuck to strands of hair). If you don’t find anything, check your child a week later.
In Canada, you can treat head lice with various treatments including specific shampoos (lien vers produit). Most are available without a prescription. Your pharmacist can help you choose the most appropriate product for your child.
If your child is under 2, you should not use medicated treatments. You will have to remove the lice and nits by hand.
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