Your baby’s skin is as delicate as it is soft. Insect bites, small cuts and scrapes are commonplace. Cradle cap, diaper rash, eczema and sunburn can also occur and cause itching, redness and local or widespread rashes. Most childhood skin disorders are usually harmless and can often be treated with products that can be found in the over the counter section at the pharmacy.
What is it?
Crusts on the scalp are caused by a surplus of oily secretions. Either yellowish or greyish, cradle cap is very common and many babies get it.
Often a good hair washing is usually enough to remove it. Gently massage your baby’s head, let the shampoo work for 10 to 15 minutes, then rinse well with lukewarm water.
If the scaly crusts do not go away, rub some olive or baby oil on them. Let the oil soak in for a couple of hours, then use a soft brush to remove the crusts. You can use ordinary shampoo to wash the scalp and hair afterwards.
If you still don’t see an improvement, talk to your pharmacist who will advise you about other products to try.
Symptoms (Balise H3)
Baby’s bottom, thighs or genitals are red, hot, painful and are covered with red patches, sometimes outlined with little red spots.
How to prevent severe diaper rash:
It is not necessary to remove all of the protective cream each time you change the baby.
Most of the time, diaper rash disappears after a few days without medication. If it gets worse after 3 or 4 days despite taking care of it as described above, it could be an infection caused by candida, a microscopic fungus that grows in folds in the skin. If this is the case, you should talk to your doctor who can prescribe a medicated ointment with an antifungal agent, and sometimes cortisone to relieve the pain.
Babies under 6 months
No sunscreen should be used before the age of six months. You should however use physical sun barriers, such as zinc oxide (ointment or paste), clothes that cover baby’s body or a parasol to shield baby.
Babies over 6 months
Use a sunscreen with a SPF of at least 30. Apply it 30 minutes before sun exposure, then every 2 hours and after each swim.
Mosquito repellents cannot be used on children under 6 months. Talk to your pharmacist about the best approach to protect your baby.
If you are not sure how serious the wound is, talk to your pharmacist who can advise you if you need to see a doctor.
No matter the burn, put the affected area in cold water as soon as possible, for at least 10 minutes. If this is not possible, soak a clean cloth in cool water and apply it to the burn.
It is not necessary to remove clothing touching the burn before placing the affected area in cold water.
Twenty-four hours after the incident, apply an unscented moisturizer to soothe the burned area.
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