Passer au contenu

Children’s Dental Health

In Pediatric

Children’s Dental Health





Appearance of the first baby teeth

The lower central incisors are the first to appear in children from 3 to 12 months (at 6 months on average).


Appearance of other baby teeth (20 in total)

All other baby teeth should be in place around the age of 3 in most children.


Loss of baby teeth

Children will start to lose their baby teeth around of 5 or 6.


Baby teeth can take up to the age of 12 to all fall out.


If you child has a sore tooth, it could possibly be a loose baby tooth.



Teething is not normally accompanied by fever. If your baby is less than 6 months old and has a fever, talk to your doctor.



Tips for teething pain 


  • Rub your child’s gums with a clean finger.
  • Give your child a moist washcloth that has been in the freezer for about a half hour, or a cold teething ring to chew on.
  • Give your baby acetaminophen or ibuprofen (Tylenol® or Advil®).


Things to avoid 


Teething gels only work on the surface and can reduce your baby’s swallowing reflex thereby affecting their ability to eat and drink.
Teething biscuits do not relieve pain and contain sugar that can cause cavities.



What to do if children hit their baby teeth 


Apply ice. The affected teeth may gradually turn grey, but don’t worry. They will eventually fall out to make way for permanent teeth.





The importance of brushing your child’s teeth


The exterior surface (enamel) of baby teeth is thinner than that of permanent teeth, so they are more prone to painful cavities. This can prevent your child from sleeping, eating or speaking well and can also damage permanent teeth. Therefore it is very important to establish good dental hygiene at an early age.



Tips to ensure children’s dental health


From birth to 12 months
  • Wipe baby’s gums with a clean, damp cloth twice a day.
  • As soon as teeth appear, brush them with a soft toothbrush designed for babies (with a long handle) at least once a day. If you stand up facing a mirror and support your baby seated on a counter, it will be easier to brush your baby’s teeth. You can also sit on the ground or on the sofa while cradling your baby’s head in your legs to brush your baby’s upper teeth.
  • After 6 months, switch your baby to a sippy cup for water or formula.
1 to 3 years
  • Only use toothpaste with fluoride if your toddler can spit it out.
  • Visit the dentist for the first time when your baby reaches 12 months.
  • Switch your baby to a regular cup at around 12 to 15 months.
3 to 4 years
  • Put a pea-sized amount of toothpaste on a toothbrush and teach your child how to spit it out the toothpaste after brushing.
  • Encourage your child to brush their teeth alone, then help them finish up to ensure that their teeth are nice and clean.
  • Teach your child to brush their teeth for 2 minutes, twice a day.
  • Starting at the age of 4, your child should get familiar with dental floss if their teeth are close together. Small dental floss holders can simplify things. You should floss your child’s teeth every other day to make sure that it is done properly. 



Babies are born with a sucking reflex. Since soothers are less harmful to tooth development than thumbs, opt for soothers. However, it is important to be aware of the fact that improper soother use can lead to difficulties with breastfeeding, problems with teeth and certain illnesses (inflammation of the middle ear for example).


Advice on how to best use the soother


  • Only give your baby a soother once breastfeeding has been well established.
  • Sterilise the soother in boiling water for 5 minutes before using it for the first time. Do not put it in your mouth, since you could spread your germs to your child.
  • Do not dip soothers in honey or sugar because these products may cause cavities in baby’s teeth.
  • Do not let your baby have their soother all day; it could compromise their tooth and jaw development.
  • Only let your child have a soother for the first 12 months.



Pharmacy service 


To get more information about your child’s dental health, don’t hesitate to talk to talk to your dentist or to your Accès pharma affiliated-pharmacist. 


To download PDF brochure, click here

Retour à la liste des conseils

See all advices

Capsule Santé - Les reflux gastriques Voir toutes les vidéos

Need advice?

Don't hesitate to ask your Accès pharma pharmacist questions about your health.

Contact us